Muḥarram (Arabic: ٱلْمُحَرَّم‎) is the first month of the Islamic calendar. The general meaning of the adjective means “banned, barred, forbidden, illegal, illicit, impermissible, prohibited, unlawful, unpermitted, unauthorized.

It is one of the four sacred months of the year during which warfare is forbidden. It is held to be the second holiest month, after Ramaḍān. The Tenth day of this month is known as the Day of Ashura.

The Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar, and months begin when the first crescent of a new moon is sighted. Since the Islamic lunar calendar year is 10 to 11 days shorter than the solar year.

Holy Month begins after the sighting of the new moon on the final day of the Islamic calendar.

Not all Muslim groups observe this occasion in the same manner. Some Muslims regard as the month of mourning, commemorating the Battle of Karbala. Is primarily an Islamic holiday but people of other religions may also take part in or observe the activities in India.

1 Muharram Beggining of Islamic New Year

2 Muharram Arrival of Imam Hussain(a.s.) in Karbala – (61 A.H.)

7 Muharram Access to water was blocked from the camp of Imam Hussain(a.s.) – (61 A.H.)

10 Muharram Ashoora – Martyrdom of Imam Hussain(a.s) and his companions – (61 A.H.)

11 Muharram Prophet Mohammad(sawaw)’s family was shackled and taken away as prisoners

12 Muharram Soyem of the martyrs of Karbala

16 Muharram Change of direction of qibla from Bait-al-maqdas  to Khana-e-Kaaba – (2 A.H.)

17 Muharram Attack of Abraha’s army on Khana-e-Kaaba (1 Aamul Feel)

25 Muharram Martyrdom of Imam Ali Zain-al-Abideen(a.s) – (95 A.H.)


Both Sunni and Shia Muslims observe the 10th day in India and worldwide. Many Shia Muslims observe as a month of mourning. The 10th of marks the date when carnage took place at Kerbala and when Imam Hussain died in 680 CE. Imam Hussain was the Prophet Muhammed’s grandson. Muslims believe that God created Adam and Eve on the 10th, which was also when an Egyptian pharaoh and his soldiers drowned in the Red Sea later in time.